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ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

An improvement of stability and dynamic response in hybrid AC-DC microgrids using optimal power control management

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Author Shaik Hussain Vali, K. Sri Lakshmi Gayathri Devi and Vempalle Rafi
e-ISSN 1819-6608
On Pages 717-724
Volume No. 18
Issue No. 06
Issue Date April 30, 2023
Keywords microgrid, ZSV control, CHB converter, DAB converter, PI controller, PR controller.


Microgrid topologies enable more effective use of renewable resources as well as the autonomous process. Microgrids are effective frameworks for managing dispersed assets such as renewable structures with small-scale distributed generator supplies. Smart grids are adaptable electricity networks that have arisen as a result of the introduction of new technologies and features. It is suggested that a three-terminal AC/DC hybrid microgrid with DC two and AC one terminal be used. A two dual active bridge (DAB) with cascaded H-bridge (CHB) converter with AC grid link-based interactions that connect isolated two DC buses are included in the suggested structure. To minimise the energy generation stages and power devices, the DAB converters are intrinsically linked to the CHB of DC rails based on the structure-specific requirements. To present the unnecessary grid currents and DC rail voltage issues exist by this revised structure topology by simply two power alteration stages, a better solution is suggested that employs zero-sequence voltage (ZSV) injection in the CHB converters. The impacts of managed settings on structure stability and dynamic responsiveness are investigated in order to reduce conflicts among ZSV injection by structure voltage/current regulation. This paper compares the performance of a PI and a PR for DC voltage regulation. A comparison of simulation results for both control approaches is provided. The major difficulty is to normalise the system model in order to identify the appropriate controller settings for robust control. The findings are confirmed and compared to the conventional regulator PI. The suggested 3-Φ AC current and DC rail voltage regulating approach's universal efficacy is proved by MATLAB/Simulink analytical model from the three and five-terminal hybrid AC/DC power structures.


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