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ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences >> Call for Papers Vol. 18 No. 7, April 2023

ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Modelling and control of a bio-ethylene production process

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Author Florence Ilueh-Ochuweh Bullem, Idowu Iyabo Olateju and Abdulwahab G. I. W. A.
e-ISSN 1819-6608
On Pages 2015-2026
Volume No. 17
Issue No. 23
Issue Date 15 January 2023
Keywords bioethanol, bio-ethylene, aspen Plus, process control, open-loop, closed-loop


Ethylene is one of the most consumed products in the world, as it has many uses such as the production of nylon from its polymeric compound, the production of vinyl chloride, which is polymerized to polyvinyl chloride for the production of plastics, the production of ethylene oxide, used as a ripening agent for fruits, etc. The conventional method adopted in the production of ethylene is by steam cracking of naphtha at high temperatures. Naphtha is a hydrocarbon, so when cracked, it releases harmful carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere, and this brought about looking for alternative methods of producing ethylene. As discovered, ethylene can be produced by catalytic dehydration of ethanol, but the main limitation of this process is that the purity of ethylene produced by this approach may not be up to the desired polymer grade of 99.97%. As such, this work has been carried out to model, with the aid of Aspen Plus, and develop control techniques that would enable the process to meet up with the desired output maximum purity from the distillation column (100% ethylene at the top product of the distillation column). In line with that, P-only, PI, and PID controllers tuned with the Tyreus-Luyben technique, Zeiger-Nichols method, and a modified Tyreus-Luyben approach have been used for the control of this process. It was discovered that the PID controller tuned with the modified Tyreus-Luyben parameter had the lowest Integral Absolute Error (IAE) of 1.474 and Integral Time Absolute Error (ITAE) of 4.767 and, hence, it was found out that it could be adopted for proper control of this process, although limited to small upsets caused by disturbances in the system. It is, therefore, recommended that the PID control system developed should be applied on a physical set-up plant to study its real effect.


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